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R&D for linen fabrics emphasizes visual appeal, utility

A variety of hues and motifs makes the latest linen fabrics stand out, while finishing treatments raise performance.

China suppliers of linen fabrics are boosting product value by improving aesthetics and functions.


Pure linen fabric

The model LYD1746 pure linen fabric from Shenzhen Bontex is yarn-dyed and goes for $4.20 per yard.

Designs are available in a range of colors achieved through yarn or piece dyeing. They are made more eye-catching by applying patterns, which can be silk-screened or machine-embroidered. Special techniques such as foil stamping and discharge printing are employed on request.

Designs are available in a range of colors achieved through yarn or piece dyeing. They are made more eye-catching by applying patterns, which can be silk-screened or machine-embroidered. Special techniques such as foil stamping and discharge printing are employed on request.

Some companies blend linen fibers with other materials for enhanced performance. Textiles that contain cotton are soft, comfortable, breathable and moisture-absorbent. Silk provides smoothness and temperature-regulating properties, while rayon helps releases become resistant to static and pilling.

Combining yarns is also an efficient method of bringing prices down. Linen-cotton, for instance, is about 15 percent less expensive than unmixed variants.

Suppliers upgrade functionality further by utilizing chemical agents to make the fabrics withstand water and wrinkling.

There are roughly 100 manufacturers of linen fabrics in China. Large enterprises represent 30 percent of the industry base. Many factories are based in Heilongjiang, Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces.

Sixty percent of the country's yield goes abroad. The outbound shipment in 2010 was 160 million meters amounting to $359.6 million. The export volume and value increased 35 and 26 percent, respectively. Italy, Indonesia, Vietnam and the Bengal region are among the key overseas destinations.

Flax is mainly cultivated in Inner Mongolia, and Heilongjiang and Yunnan provinces, but companies purchase processed linen fibers from Jiangsu and Zhejiang. At the time of writing, the material is between $9,020 and $13,230 per ton, depending on the yarn count.

A significant number of suppliers, however, prefer adopting imported fibers. Such inputs are 20 percent costlier than local variants and often come from France, Belgium and Poland.

Weaving or knitting is conducted in-house. Fabrics are bleached or dyed to obtain the desired hues. Regular garment or enzyme washing may be carried out to make models softer. Dyeing, pattern application and functional treatments are sometimes subcontracted.

The fiber composition, construction, weight, yarn count and finishing affect the prices of linen fabrics. Labor expenses also influence quotes, particularly because of the worker shortage.

Low-end designs are no more than $2.50 per meter. They are mostly woven, and come in 55:45 or 56:44 linen-cotton or -rayon. Products weigh 110 to 190gsm. The density is between 23x23 and 54x54, while the yarn count ranges from 4.5x4.5 to 25x25.

Models are usually bleached or piece-dyed in solid colors. A few may have a stripe or plaid pattern. Variants for oil painting are under this price segment and can reach 260gsm.

Going for $2.50 to $5, midrange linen fabrics are 135 to 260gsm, and made of pure linen or 55:45 linen-cotton. Both woven and knitted types are available. The selection in this category may adopt a twill, crepe or jacquard construction.

Textiles have a density of 27x28 to 65x68. The fiber count is between 5x5 and 30x30. The majority of designs are yarn-dyed, and incorporate printed or burnout motifs. They are also garment- or enzyme-washed, and treated for water, shrink and static resistance.

Releases in the high end are quoted at $5.50 to $12. They come in 100 percent linen or contain 50 percent silk. Woven styles dominate and weigh 180 to 300gsm.

Many are yarn-dyed, and boast densities and yarn counts above 30x30 and 8x8, respectively. Patterns may be embroidered or discharge-printed.

Some upscale linen fabrics are Intertek-tested for conformance to the Oeko-Tex Standard 100.


Product gallery



Linen fabric

Product gallery

Jiaxing Changjiang Textile Co. Ltd

Model: CJ13014503
MOQ: 200kg per color
Delivery: 35 days
Description: Knitted; 100% linen; 100 to 220gsm; silver foil motif; custom treatments


Linen fabric

Jiaxing Changjiang Textile Co. Ltd

Model: CJ16014502
MOQ: 200kg per color
Delivery: 35 days
Description: Knitted; 100% linen; 100 to 220gsm; striped; custom treatments


Linen fabric

Shenzhen Bontex Industrial Co. Ltd

Model: LCYD1509
MOQ: 2,000yd
Delivery: 45 days
Price: $3 per yard
Description: Woven; 55:45 linen-cotton; 140gsm; yarn-dyed


Linen fabric

Shenzhen Bontex Industrial Co. Ltd

Model: LYD1746
MOQ: 2,000yd
Delivery: 45 days
Price: $4.20 per yard
Description: Woven; 100% linen; 133gsm; yarn-dyed


Note: This article "R&D for linen fabrics emphasizes visual appeal, utility" was originally published by Global Sources, a leading business-to-business media company and a primary facilitator of trade with China manufacturers and India suppliers, providing essential sourcing information to volume buyers through our e-magazines, trade shows and industry research.

All price quotes in this report are in US dollars unless otherwise specified. FOB prices were provided by the companies interviewed only as reference prices at the time of interview and may have changed.

Disclaimer: All product images are provided by the companies interviewed and are for reference purposes only. Those product images featuring products with trademarks, brand names or logos are not intended for sale. We, our affiliates, and our affiliates' respective directors, officers, employees, representatives, agents or contractors, do not accept and will not have any responsibility or liability for product images (or any part thereof) which infringe on any intellectual property or other rights of a third party.

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