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Electric cars: PTWs outpace passenger cars

Makers respond to solid market uptake with models boasting enhanced performance.

Encouraged by growing demand for environment-friendly transportation worldwide, India suppliers of electric vehicles are ramping up R&D and production specifically of scooters and motorcycles.

More than passenger cars, companies are focusing on powered two-wheelers as market acceptance for PTWs has grown faster in recent years.

Domestically, subsidies are spurring the manufacture of such models, while other government incentives, including reduced VAT and registration and road taxes, facilitate adoption.

Minimal maintenance requirements and low-noise operation are also driving the popularity of electric PTWs in the country.

Some India makers are leveraging their solid design and manufacturing background in the line to respond to rising demand.

Eko Vehicles Pvt. Ltd introduced its first model in 1980. Based in Bangalore, the supplier has been designing electric vehicles for more than 35 years. It worked with the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways in drafting the Central Motor Vehicle Rules. Eko exports to Nepal, the US, Japan and the Philippines.

To spur interest in electric cycles further, suppliers in India are addressing one of the major drawbacks to the line, namely low speed.

Lohia Auto Industries is among the manufacturers there engaged in this type of research. The company recently launched a model that can go faster than 25kph, the maximum speed most current versions can reach on a full charge.

Production of Lohia's electric three-wheel scooters is also scheduled to begin in the first quarter of the year. The supplier exports to South Africa and Sri Lanka. It already offers units with 250W of power.

Electrotherm (India) Ltd's Yo series of electric cycles, meanwhile, has a top speed of 75kpg on a full charge. Models have 250W of power and are mainly exported to Africa.

Industry overview
Industry overview

India is currently home to more than 15 manufacturers of electric vehicles, most of which carry scooters and motorcycles in their selections. The majority can be found in the National Capital Region, Gujarat, Bangalore in Karnataka and Ludhiana in Punjab.

Among the top industry players are interviewed suppliers Lohia, Eko and Electrotherm. TVS, Avon and BSA are key providers as well.

Producers of electric passenger cars, meanwhile, include Tara and Karnataka-based Reva, which exports its models to Europe.

At present, India's sales of electric PTWs are domestically oriented, with about 5 percent of turnout shipped overseas. The key export markets are South Africa, Sri Lanka, the EU, the US, Japan and Nepal.

Companies typically procure mechanical parts from the local supply network. Batteries, motors and electrical kits, however, are often sourced from mainland China or Taiwan for cost efficiency.

Eko uses batteries from domestic providers AMCO, Exide, Artheon and Grand, and mainland-based Tianneng.

Electrotherm, on the other hand, produces its own requirement.

This article "Electric cars: PTWs outpace passenger cars" is originally posted in Global Sources.

Note: All price quotes in this report are in US dollars unless otherwise specified. FOB prices were provided by the companies interviewed only as reference prices at the time of interview and may have changed.

Disclaimer: All product images are provided by the companies interviewed and are for reference purposes only. Those product images featuring products with trademarks, brand names or logos are not intended for sale. We, our affiliates, and our affiliates' respective directors, officers, employees, representatives, agents or contractors, do not accept and will not have any responsibility or liability for product images (or any part thereof) which infringe on any intellectual property or other rights of a third party.

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