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Toys standards and the EN 71 regulation part 1-2-3 of 13

by Asia Quality Focus team

The EN 71 regulation for the safety of toys made or imported into the European Union specifies the safety standards for toys. An importer of toys needs to comply with the regulations. While large corporations employ teams of lawyers and engineers to check if their product design complies with EN 71, smaller importers normally rely on third parties. EN 71 regulation is divided in 13 parts, this article presents and explains parts 1, 2 and 3.


EN 71 regulation part 1: mechanical and physical properties

The first part of EN 71 regulates mechanical and physical properties of toys. The section contains minimum sizes for very small toys – so that babies cannot swallow them.  During the design process, buyers and suppliers should be aware of the regulation.

A good third party inspection company will also detect non-conformities during a product inspection. This ensures that design changes by the manufacturer are detected and shipment of unacceptable goods is prevented.

EN 71 regulation part 2: flammability

Most materials used by manufacturers to produce toys will burn if exposed to an appropriate ignition source. To reduce the risks of burn injuries associated with children being in contact with certain toys, different testing methods have been defined to identify a limited rate of spread of flame or maximum ‘after flame time’ to give time to the child to drop the toy or take distance from it before serious injury occurs.

EN 71 regulation part 3: migration of certain chemicals

The EN 71 regulation part 3 is focusing on studying the chemicals contained in the toy and the levels in which they are present. Since July 2013, the regulation has extended the metal restrictions and application scope to a wider range of toys. There are 19 metals restricted now. The limitation varies depending if it is

  • Category I – in dry, brittle, powder-like or pliable toy material
  • Category II – in liquid or sticky toy material
  • Category III – in scraped-off toy material

As for all regulations, only “notified bodies” can issue valid certificates.

Guidelines on EN 71 part 1-2-3 and so on

There are many useful online documents and websites to better design products and help to focus on the important points, such as:

And you: how do you manage the product design and quality control with regards to EN 71 regulation part 1-2-3?

Read the original article here.

The Asia Quality Focus team is an international team of specialists in product inspections, factory audits, lab testing and product certifications for all kinds of consumer goods. To share experience and opinions in how to better and safer source in Asia they created the Quality Control Blog. Feel free to contact them here.

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